Everything You Need to Know About Anal Fissures

Learn about anal fissures here. We cover symptoms, causes, risks, complications, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Anal fissures are tears in the anus. They happen from constipation, diarrhea, and injury. If not treated, they can cause pain and other health issues. So, it is important to be aware of the warning signs and to seek medical attention should they occur.

– Pain during bowel movements

– Bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl

– Pain that may last for several hours after bowel movements

-A visible tear or split in the skin around the anus

– Itching or burning sensation around the anus

-A feeling of needing to have a bowel movement that does not go away

– Constipation or difficulty passing stool

– Formation of skin tags around the anus

-Pain during intercourse -Fecal incontinence

Remember, not all symptoms may show, and see a doctor for advice.

– Chronic constipation: Straining during bowel movements can cause small tears in the anus.

Diarrhea: stools can cause irritation and damage to the anus.

Childbirth: Pregnancy and delivery can cause damage to the muscles and tissue in the anus.

Anal injury: Trauma or injury to the anus can cause fissures.

– Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis: Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are two types of IBD. Crohn’s affects the entire gastrointestinal tract, while ulcerative colitis only affects the colon. Both cause inflammation and result in symptoms like abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. These chronic conditions can be managed with medication, lifestyle changes, and sometimes surgery.

Certain medications: Certain medications can help prevent and treat anal fissures. Use creams and ointments that relax the anus muscles and help the fissure heal. Some examples of these medications include nitroglycerin, nifedipine, and diltiazem. Other medicines, like numbing creams, can help with the pain from anal fissures. Consult a doctor for the best plan for you.

HIV/AIDS: People with HIV/AIDS are at a higher risk of developing anal fissures.

 Anal cancer: anal fissures can be a symptom of anal cancer.

Not all causes may be there. Consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.

  • Age: Anal fissures are more common in younger adults and older adults
  • Gender: Anal fissures are more common in women than men.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women are at a higher risk of developing anal fissures due to the increased pressure on the anus.
  • Chronic constipation: Constipation is hard to pass stools or rarely go to the bathroom often. This can lead to hard, dry stools that are difficult to pass, and can cause discomfort and pain. It can also cause bloating and gas. Many things can cause long-term constipation. For example, not eating enough fiber, not moving enough, health problems, and medicine. It can also be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition.
  • Diarrhea: Diarrhea is a condition where a person has loose, watery stools more than three times in a day. Reasons include infection, food poisoning, medicine, and health problems. Diarrhea can cause dehydration, abdominal cramps, and other symptoms. It’s important to drink fluids and avoid foods that can make diarrhea worse. In most cases, diarrhea is a short-term problem and will go away on its own. If pain lasts more than a few days or you have other symptoms, see a healthcare provider for help.
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): People who have IBD like Crohn’s or Ulcerative colitis are more likely to get anal fissures.
  • HIV/AIDS: People with HIV/AIDS are at a higher risk of developing anal fissures.
  • Anal cancer: anal fissures can be a symptom of anal cancer.
  • Certain Medications: Certain medications can increase the risk of developing anal fissures.

Remember, not all risk factors may apply. Talk to a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Anal fissures can cause pain and embarrassment. Often, they happen when the anus is hurt by hard or big stools. But, there are ways to treat and prevent them. Treatments include medicine, changes in lifestyle, and surgery. To prevent them, eat more fiber and avoid constipation. If you have any doubts or think you have an anal fissure, talk to your doctor.